Sea Wonders : Awesome Facts of the Sea
A pregnant male? A fish for a candle? Sounds strange. I compiled 19 awesome facts so you'll have a quick glimpse of some sea wonders:
1. Male Deep Sea Anglerfish – this unusual looking fish is a faithful husband, staying attached to the female till death do they part. As this fish matures his digestive system deteriorates, thus unable to feed its own. He needs a female anglerfish to attach himself. He then is dependent with the female like a parasite because all his nourishments come from the female’s body.
2. Seahorse – the male becomes pregnant when a female dump her eggs into his “pocket”. Each pregnancy lasts about two to three weeks. After giving birth, the male seahorse becomes pregnant again. A little snapping noise during mealtime is the only sound a seahorse makes.
3. Candlefish – this fish becomes very fat during spawning that 15% of its weight is fat. When dried and strung on a wick, it can be use as a substitute for a candle.
4. Dolphins – can hear sounds by transmitting it through their skull to their inner ear region. Some can swim up to 40 kilometers an hour. They are the only species that have sex for pleasure. They can sleep with one eye open and can swim and sleep at the same time.
5. Coral Reef – considered prehistoric which dates back to some 225 million years ago. Modern reefs can be as much as 2.5 million years old. Corals can reproduce either asexually through budding or sexually by releasing gametes (sperm and eggs). Corals take a long time to grow. Some only grow one centimeter in one year
6. Sponges – actually one of the most primitive animals in the sea. Sponges spend time sifting clean the sea water by sucking in using their small pores and spitting it back through an opening located at the top of their bodies. It has no true circulatory system.
7. Sticklebacks – a carnivorous fish. The kidney secretions of the male help protect the fertilized eggs and bond nourishment to it. Once hatch, the male protect the sticklebacks for a week by gathering fry in his mouth and spewing it back into the nest.
8. Orcas (killer whales) – they breathe together when traveling in groups and hunt by group like wolves.
9. The hydra – (related to jellyfish) if cut in half can grow back its body after a couple of days
10. The sea cucumber – spill out its internal organs to defend themselves from harm.
11. Oyster - breath like a fish and can change sex organs one or more times during its life span.
12. Sharks - are immune to cancer. Unable to blink their upper and lower eyelids. Sharks have survived for about 400 million years.
13. Swordfish – weigh up to 1,200 pounds and can live up to 25 years. A special organ is located near the eyes that use to heat it and also to heat their brain.
14. Squids – can move through the sea using a squirt of water spilled out from its body. The giant squid is the largest animal without a backbone
15. Goldfish – can have a memory span of three months and can differentiate colors, shapes and sounds. It has no stomach, only an intestinal tract. If left in the dark for a period of time it will turn to almost gray and eventually loose its color.
16. Starfish – has the ability to turn its stomach inside out. It digest food outside its body and some species reproduce asexually by disintegration, often with part of an arm becoming isolated or cut, eventually developing into a new individual starfish.
17. Sunfish – looks like a fish head without a tail and it can produce 300 million eggs at a time. They release eggs into the water and are externally fertilized by sperm.
18. Octopus – size as a flea when born and has three hearts. The males live for only a few months after mating. The females die shortly after their eggs hatch because they neglect to eat while taking care of their unhatched eggs.
19. 80% of life forms are found under the sea.
Sounds amazing and strange. But true.